SPEND $180 & GET 40% OFF | USE CODE:



Learning Library

Abalone Gemstone

A gemstone created in the sea, with a fusion of blues and greens. Just like the ocean’s waves with swirling and rolling in beautiful patterns.


Considered a delicacy by many throughout the world, the Abalone, or Ear Shell, is a Gastropod: a member of the Mollusc family of sea creatures.  The creature has a univalve shell, similar to the Limpet and attaches itself to rocks or structures under the sea by suction.
The shell of the Abalone is used in jewellery, and the exceptional and mesmerising colours of the shell are a by-product from farming the shellfish for its meat, making the crafting of jewellery from the Gastropod very eco-friendly.

From one side the shell looks rather dull and unexciting and is quite often covered by other sea crustaceans; but from the other side it shines with an array of stunning colours and beautiful iridescence, displaying vivid blues, greens and pinks, all combined in a spectacular modern art styled pattern.

Each shell embodies a unique display of colour and markings, almost like the human fingerprint, therefore no two pieces are exactly the same. The gem is ideal for use in many large jewellery designs, from pendants and big, dangly earrings, to bracelets and Sterling Silver rings. In addition to jewellery, you may have seen this gem inlayed into acoustic guitars.

In New Zealand the Maori name for the Abalone Shell is the Paua Shell (pronounced Par-war). Therefore when you see the name ‘Paua’, this refers to Abalone Shell that is only from New Zealand. The best comparison would be Csarite and Diaspore: Csarite is Diaspore, but only when it is found in Turkey.

Around its coast line there are both commercial organisations and hobbyists extracting the gem from the sea bed.

Once on dry land, each shell is hand cut, buffed and polished by experts who understand the natural curves and patterns of the shell, ensuring each piece takes full advantage of all the colours of the ocean. I am not sure whether it is due to the shell’s array of wonderful colours, or the fact that their next door neighbours often boast about their prized Opals, that many in New Zealand refer to the Paua as ‘the opal of the sea’. Without doubt the Paua ranks amongst the finest Abalone on the planet, displaying the most intense blues and greens – which many locals see as mirroring their homeland. As you would expect there are lots of Maori legend and folklore surrounding their local treasure.

Back to Learning Library

A 2'' Striking Abalone pendant, set in Sterling Silver by Annabella.